Post Secondary Education
Postsecondary education – PSE refers to the education after secondary school (Grade 12 or Pre-University or ‘A’ level or secondary certificate/diploma. PSE programs can be a certificate or diploma or CEGEP or university degree. PSE institutions in Canada have the authority to grant academic credentials. Universities grant degrees while public colleges typically offer vocationally oriented programs, grant diplomas, and certificates. Some of the public colleges are also offering bachelors degree programs in association with Universities. Private career colleges usually offer certificate and diploma programs which are usually shorter in duration.
Post-secondary education in Quebec begins with college following graduation from Grade 11 (or Secondary V). Students complete a two- or three-year general program leading to admission to a university, or a professional program leading directly into the labor force. In most cases, bachelor’s degree programs in Quebec are three years instead of the usual four; however, in many cases, students attending a university in Quebec that did not graduate from college must complete an additional year of coursework.
The main variation between the provinces, with respect to the universities, is the amount of funding they receive and the amount of tuition and other fees they charge. Each province and territory in Canada is responsible for designating schools at the post-secondary level that may enroll international students. The designated learning institution list includes universities, colleges, CEGEPs, vocational schools and private career colleges and language schools.